Category: Computers


  1. 1.       Internet Explorer 10Windows 7 vs Windows 8

With the Metro user interface of Windows 8, Internet Explorer is just the ideal browser with tons of fast, fluid fun in Metro. It makes perfect sense to navigate forward and backward with swipes, double tapping to zoom in and out, even when IE is running in Snap state. Zooming and panning with Windows 8 Metro is fluid and very reactive. However, you are just two clicks away from the plug-in capable version of IE.

  1. 2.       Semantic Zoom

All your apps can be organized in a snap with Semantic Zoom. You can zoom out the screen by just pinching it and then the start screen tiles can be minimized entirely and also they can easily be rearranged. Without scrolling endlessly you can choose to drag individual tiles or a group of them, reorder them to decide how they should appear in the Start screen.

  1. 3.       App Bar

Metro does not allow applications like Chrome, however, it knows that you might need it sometimes. So when you try swapping from the bottom of the screen, Windows 8 gives you access to it via the App bar.  This is indeed a better way to have controls when you need them and remove when you don’t need them. By swiping up from the bottom edge of the screen, they show in-app commands in a couple of apps.

  1. 4.       App Management and Switching

By swiping from the left edge, you can swap between running apps in Metro in the developer preview. But in the consumer preview, this functionality

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

features in new Windows 8

is taken to another level. By doing a left side mini swipe or by using the mouse to go to top left corner of screen and pulling it down, you can see the running apps.

  1. 5.       Charms

Charms bar is brought up when you swipe in from theright side; it allows you to access settings, search, share data with other apps and more.


Windows 7 vs Windows 8

New features of Windows 8

Windows 8 is the upcoming operating system of Microsoft and has lots of new features included in it when compared to its predecessor, Windows 7. This article illustrates some of these new features of Windows 8.

Customizable start menu in Windows 8

In Windows 8, you will be able to customize your startup menu according to your needs and preferences. You will be able to add tiles for email, calendar, music, Netflix, and may more things. It also enables users to view live information from Windows 8 metro based applications.

Introduction of snap multitasking

The introduction of snap multitasking in Windows 8 has simplified the feature of multitasking. It enables users to run two applications side by side, switch between them and resize them. In Windows 7, a separate dialog window would’ve opened up for each file copy job where as in Windows 8, all copy jobs are integrated in to a single dialog box. In Windows 8, you will also be able to stop, pause or resume any copy operations, thereby giving you more control over what you are doing. Windows 8 copy dialog box will have a real time graphical display for each copy operations.  All of these provide an enhanced copy experience for Windows 8 users.  The control panel of Windows 8 also has an entirely new look. It is incorporated with new options like privacy, search, share, notification, search and users.

Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10 

Internet Explorer 10 is designed to provide faster browsing through hardware acceleration. It also has in its offering a rapid gesture based zoom, web site navigation and pan.

Windows 7 vs Windows8

New features of Windows 8

Windows 8 is equipped with two touch keyboards

Microsoft has included two touch keyboards in Windows 8, one of which is the traditional keyboard and the other meant for non-touch typist. They also have attempted to make their virtual keyboard faster. It has a spell checker and will also suggest words which you are going to type. Windows 8 provides support for USB 3.0 which is around 10 times faster than USB 2.0.

Enhanced support for multiple monitors

Windows 8 offers enhanced support for multiple monitors. In Windows 8 it will be very easy to switch between multiple monitors. The primary monitor will be having a Start button where as the secondary monitor will be having a switch button.

Windows 7 Vs Windows 8 – performance Evaluation

Even in the performance fronts, it has been widely touted that the capabilities of Windows 8 clearly beats Windows 7 by far. You could argue that the tests or the reviews are based on the Windows 8 developer version, which is true but yet the results that these benchmarks came up with are stunning.

Windows 7 Vs Windows 8

Windows 7 Vs Windows 8 comparison

The benchmark done by the people at Lifehacker has revealed that the performance of Windows 8 is faster.  To test Windows 7 and Windows 8, the benchmark team assigned systems with equal computing power, they both had an over clocked 3.8 GHz i7 machine that had 6GB of RAM, the hard disk size was 2TB,  an GeForce 9800 Nvidia GT  graphics card and connected to the internet with a speed of 20Mbps.

They found that the boot time, decompression and compression of files all decreased with Windows 8. Movie Encoding was also faster. The other big advantage that Windows 8 had when compared with Windows 7 was the presence of the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) that aided the security layer when the computer booted up.

These tests and their results talk for themselves and so, we have Windows 8 as the clear winner among the two.

 New Features of Windows 8:-

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

New features in Windows 8

Microsoft’s latest version of Windows operating system that is under development is the Windows 8 OS. The developer preview of the operating system is already available for download and users are excited about its new and trendy features like, Metro UI, Ribbon interface for explorer, Disk images mounting, enhanced Multi-tasking, Sensor Fusion, revamped Log on etc. When doing the windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparison, it can be seen that Windows 8 is a revamped version of Windows 7 and is inspired by Windows Mobile 7. Below given is a list of some crucial features incorporated in Windows 8 OS.

New features in Windows 8

  • There is built-in anti-virus technology in Windows 8 including Smart Screen Filter used in IE 9. No matter which internet browser you use, Windows 8 will be automatically checking your downloads for malwares.
  • Metro UI can be said as the catchiest feature in Windows 8. Everything from the Boot screen in Windows 8, Lock screen, Log on screen and even the Control Panel are revamped in Windows 8. They are all retouched with Metro style thumbnails making the user interface in Windows more fluid and dynamic. The PC can be configured more easily with the complete Metro styled Control Panel. However, the bad news is that the Start menu orb will not be there in the desktop anymore with Windows 8. The other Metro UI features are the standard view of copy progress changed to an expandable one with pause and start options for the process, detailed control over management, file name conflicts, etc.
  • Booting in Windows 8 is also improved greatly with support for touch screen or mouse to make options.Windows 7 vs Windows 8

    New features in Windows 8

  • The shut down and startup processes are other things which are improved greatly in Windows 8.To ensure faster launch next time, Windows OS hibernates its core processes when it is shut down.
  • The new Ribbon UI has extra options included in it like, disk mounting and burning options for ISO images, pinning, extraction for compressed files, pinning, running as administrator etc.
  • A refined multi tasking can be discovered in Windows 8. A drag and throw style in touch screen is used to terminate the processes running in the background.
  • Windows 8 comes with IE 10 for both touch screen and desktop versions.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8: Speed

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Windows 8, as you know, is the upcoming operating system from Microsoft. If you are a Windows fan, you might have to wait a bit more to get the final release of Windows 8. Meanwhile you can satisfy your anxiety levels by downloading the Windows 8 consumer preview from the website of Microsoft. This is basically the beta version of the new OS; this was released a couple of months before. It is good to install this version of Windows 8 on your computer as it will help you to experience the new interface and some of the newly installed features of windows 8; this is very helpful especially when it comes to making a decision on whether to go for Windows 8 or to stay with Windows 7 at time of the final release of the new OS. Talking about whether to buy or not, the one important thing you would like to consider will be the performance. This article provides information regarding the performance of Windows 8 with respect to Windows 7.

Performance test

As it is expected, Windows 8 consumer preview clearly beats Windows 7 in most benchmark tests conducted on these platforms. These tests were performed by some of the best brains of the PC world and the results indicate that Windows 8 is much more fine tuned than its predecessor. Almost all the test results show that Windows 8 is relatively faster than Windows 7.

Both the operating systems were tested on the same machine with Intel Core i5-2500K at 3.3 GHz, 8 GB of RAM, 1 TB hard drive, and an NVIDIA GTX 560 Ti video card as its configuration. The benchmark mark used was WorldBench 7 and Windows 8 gained 14% over Windows 7. The report indicates that even a performance improvement of 5% is a notable one, 14% in the case of Windows 8 is a clear advantage.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Things on which Windows 8 is faster than Windows 7 are, start up time (36.8 seconds against 56.2) and web performance through WebVizBench (28.6 FPS against 18.9).

However, while comparing Windows 7 vs Windows 8 in terms of content creation, Windows 7 scores the point for being better. But the difference is very subtle which probably might not be there evident in the final release.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparison based on the touch screen feature with responsive edges

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Better touch screens in Windows 8

Though Windows 7 has the provision for touch screens, you will see the best of it with Windows 8 operating system. And though Windows 8 is still in the developing stage, Microsoft confirmed that it is working with hardware partners to feature better options for touch screens in Windows 8. Windows 8 is, in fact, suitable and convenient for touch screen devices, though it works well with keyboard and mouse too.

Better touch screens perfect to the edges in Windows 8

With the Windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparisons, Microsoft recently said that the touch screen in Windows 8 is going to be an enhanced feature of that found in Windows 7. The way the touch screens will respond, especially when it comes to the edges of the screen is the major touch performance improvement brought in Windows 8. Windows 8 makers are looking forward to implement these improved touch screens on laptops and tablets that will run the coming Windows 8 operating system.

The company is dedicated to improving the touch screen feature in every way they can as Windows 8 is a completely touch based operating system. With Microsoft releasing Windows 8 commercially, many systems like Ultrabooks, Tablets, notebooks, and general laptops are stated to be released with the operating system.

Better edge response for touch screens

The way the new touch based interface works in Windows 8 is the reason why Microsoft is focusing more on edge to edge response for the touch screens. To bring up features like search, tools called ‘Charms’ and several other features for the users, Windows 8 has multiple edge swipes.  Microsoft will not approve sub-par touch screens from vendors who sell Windows 8 tablets and touch based devices and will be actively inspecting all the designs before they go to the market.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Better touch screens in Windows 8

In contrast to Windows 7, where, Microsoft reserved 20 pixels for edge swipes, Windows 8 allows developers to use all the available pixels. And also the Windows 8 apps can utilize all pixels that are available with the full screen mode. Microsoft is further trying to make the touch screens even better to detect the edge swipes all the time.

So that was some differences in Windows 7 and Windows 8 based on the touch screen setup.

Replacing Windows 7 with Windows 8? Let’s see if it’s a good choice or not!

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparison

Let’s have a Windows 7 vs Windows 8 review and decide.

Given below is the Windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparison of features. Read through to know what Microsoft has brought as the big change in its new operating system.

Start page

Windows 7 supported the touch screen partially only, but with Windows 8, users will see much matured versions of touch screens. After installing Windows 8, you will notice that the programs are launched in it accurately and quickly from the tiles instead from the menus as in earlier versions of Windows. They include an enhanced handwriting recognition system and use the on-screen built-in keyboard like those available with smartphones. But this doesn’t mean users can’t use the traditional keyboard and mouse, that too is possible.

User Interface

Windows 8 has the Metro UI from where users can locate any targeted program easily and click on the Start button for returning to the Start page and even more.

Multiple Screens

It is much easier in Windows 8 to access multiple-screen. Multi task lovers, who prefer complete customization of each screen, would just love this option.

Portable Windows

In Windows 8, users can copy the Windows 8 to a USB drive and load its image on any other Windows 7 computer or Windows 8 based computer.  With this feature, identical computer environment can be brought back home which shall change the way people work.

Windows Store

Windows 8 will now include Windows store like the Android Market and Apple store. Users can purchase stuff from the Windows store to use it on their

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Windows 7 vs Windows 8 comparison

Windows 8 machine.

File System

Replacing the old NTFS, Windows 8 has introduced “Protogon” which gives a more efficient platform.

Some other features

Windows 8 has a new “Hybrid Boot” option, using “advanced hibernation functionality” on shutdown that minimizes the startup time. Other new features are ribbon interface for Explorer, Modern Reader, task manager called Modern Task manager, and native ISPO mounting, Internet Explorer 10 with advanced features etc. The IE 10 in Windows 8 takes advantage of the hardware acceleration for speedy browsing and enhanced performance.

So these are some improvements in Microsoft’s new operating system, Windows 8. And this is why it is different from other versions of Windows.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8 with respect to Consumer Preview

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

comparison of consumer preview

This guide will give you some insights into some of the best features of Windows 8 and a comparison of it with Windows 7.

1.       Metro UI

This is among the newest ways of using your windows. Any applications or programs which you choose to install are instantly available as a tile in the Metro UI.

2.       Taking Screenshots Just Got Easier

Previous versions of windows allowed you to take a screenshot that you press on the print screen key and then paste the image file in paint or any other software in order to save the screenshot. As far as Windows 8 is concerned, simply press the windows key as well as the print screen key at the exact same time and the screenshot is directly saved as an image file in your pictures folder.

3.       Hot Corners and Charm bars

Hot corners as well as a charm bar make the use of windows much more fun. Just by hovering the mouse at the top four corners of your screen, it will be possible to access hot bar which enables you to go into further settings.

4.       PC Settings Got Simplified

It is now possible to access the new metro UI PC settings by;

  • Go to the top right corner and the charm bar opens
  • Click on settings and look below for the option More PC Settings
  • Click it. Open the metro UI settings where you may adjust things like lock screen, metro color, windows 8 settings and much more.

5.       No need of reinstallation

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

comparison of consumer preview

As far as Windows 8 is concerned, it is possible to simply select either the “Refresh” or else “Reset” function in order to restore or repair a damaged operating system.

6.       Enable Super Administration in One click

  • Make use of the cursor in order to navigate to the lower left corner of the windows 8 metro UI or traditional desktop until you receive live thumbnail of switching to environment.
  • It is not required that you left click at this point but right click instead and you will see a menu which presents you with some useful power user shortcut which includes command prompts, disk management, system menu.

Windows 7 vs Windows 8- Who’s Faster?

Windows 7 vs Windows 8

Is Windows 8 faster?

Windows 8, owing to the numerous promises made by Microsoft and the demonstrations presented by its developer preview, has by now become the most discussed topic in the computing world. Its two main highlights- the Immersive Browser and the Metro UI have undoubtedly garnered a great deal of appreciation from all sides.

And now, much to our excitement and curiosity, the consumer preview of the OS has been released. Obviously, the only benchmark that would help us evaluate the new OS is its immediate predecessor- Windows 7. In this post, we give you a report on the performance test conducted recently on these two platforms, which revealed some surprising

Is Windows 8 faster?


Windows 7 vs Windows 8- The Speed Test

Computers are synonymous with speed. And when it comes to the case of contemporary operating systems, ‘lightening speed’ is an absolute criterion. As the Windows 8 support team points out, the developer preview of the new OS itself was able to put up a good show in terms of its booting speed. While Windows 7 took nearly 30 seconds to boot, its successor was able to do it in about 10-15 seconds.

File Transfer Speed   

When it comes to file transfer speed, the Windows 8 consumer preview seems not to have lived upto users’ expectations. The astonishing result was that Windows 7 copied faster than the Consumer Preview of the new OS. The speed tests for the same were performed on ASUS Zenbook UX31, Samsung Series 7, and Dell Inspiron 15. In the case of ASUS Zenbook UX31 and Samsung Series 7, the difference between file transfer speed of Windows 7 and Windows 8 was quite significant. And that’s really disappointing for Microsoft’s most ambitious project.

The Open Office Spreadsheet Test

In this test too, Windows 7 seemed to put up a better show. While the graphics performance of both Windows 7 and Windows 8 was somewhat the same, the latter proved to use more battery power. No matter how impressive the UI of and OS is, what users ultimately seek for is enhanced performance and battery life. As such, would the new OS be able to cater to the needs of users who spend long hours on their PCs is a question that remains unanswered.

10. Tweak Your BIOS

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeWhen you first set up your computer, your BIOS is set up to make things a bit more convenient for you, but once you’re all set up, those things can be disabled. If you hold the DEL key when you start up your computer (or whatever key your BIOS tells you to enter setup), you can turn on the “Quick Boot” option and move your hard disk to the top of the boot priority list. The Quick Boot setting will turn off the tests your computer runs when it first turns on, and the boot priority tweak will tell your computer not to look for CDs, thumb drives, or other media when it first starts, which will get you booted into your OS quicker. If you ever need to boot from CD though, you’ll have to go back into the BIOS and change this again before you do.

9. Clean Out Programs that Launch at Startup

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeOne of the most tried and true ways to speed up your boot process is to keep unnecessary programs from starting up with your computer. You can do this by runningmsconfig from the Start Menu‘s search box, and going to the Startup tab. This applications list will tell you what each of those applications does, so you know which ones you can disable and which ones you don’t want to. Previously mentioned Soluto is also a fantastic way to clean up these programs, and these days it’s got a bunch of other handy features that make it worth a download.

8. Delay Windows Services That Run at Startup

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeMany people argue that disabling Services from msconfig will also speed up your boot time, but we’ve found that this is more problematic than anything. However, you can delay certain startup services so that your computer boots quickly and then worries about them later—after all, you don’t need all those services the minute you start up your machine.

7. Change Your Boot Menu‘s Timeout Values

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeIf you’re dual-booting your machine, then your boot menu probably has a “timeout value”, meaning the amount of time it waits for you to make a selection before it just boots into the default OS. On Windows, this timeout value is often 30 seconds, which is a long time to wait if you aren’t looking directly at your screen. To change this timeout value, head to msconfig and click on the BOOT.INI tab, and change the number in the timeout box to something lower. If you’re dual-booting with Linux, you’re probably running the GRUB boot menu, and you can change the timeout on that too.

6. Disable Unused Hardware

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeYour computer loads a lot of drivers when it first starts up, some of which you might not even use. Head into the Device Manager from the Start Menu’s search box, and look for anything you aren’t using—Bluetooth controllers, modems, and virtual Wi-Fi adapters are common culprits. Right-click on the entry you want to disable and hit “Disable”. Remember to only do this with things you don’t actually use—if you use Wireless Hosted Networks, you’ll need to keep those virtual Wi-Fi adapters enabled. It’s also worth mentioning here that keeping all your drivers up to date will help this portion of the startup time, too (which you can do with the help of a program like previously mentioned Device Doctor).

5. Keep Your Antivirus Running and Up to Date

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeThis should go without saying, but we’ll say it anyway: install some antivirus software, keep it up to date, and run a regular scan. This is more of a preventative measure than an actual boot-speeding tip, but if you everdo get malware, it’s sure to slow your computer’s boot time. With a good antivirus around like Microsoft Security Essentials, you’ll be more protected against that happening. Don’t like MSE? There are somegreat ones out there too, so there’s no reason not to have one around.

4. Remove Unnecessary Fonts

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeSince the dawn of time, Windows has loaded fonts at startup and slowed down the boot time. This is less of a problem than it used to be, but it can still slow you down a bit. Windows 7 loads over 200 fonts at startup; even more if you’ve installed Microsoft Office. Chances are, you use very few of those fonts, so you can hide them to speed up that process. In Windows 7, open up the Fonts folder from the Start Menu’s search box, and check off all the fonts you don’t need. Then click the “Hide” button in the toolbar. This way, if you ever want them, you can bring them back, but Windows won’t load them at startup. Note that just removing a few fonts probably isn’t going to make a noticeable difference—you’ll probably need to get rid of a few hundred. That said, you might have hundreds more fonts installed than you realized, so that isn’t as ridiculous as it sounds.

3. Upgrade Your RAM

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeInstalling more RAM has always been an effective way of speeding up your computer, and that hasn’t changed. RAM is pretty cheap these days, so if you’re running low, there’s no reason not to stock up and make your computer run a little smoother. We’ve gone over how to replace it in both a desktopand a laptop, and even for the inexperienced, it’s a pretty simple procedure.

2. Give Your Computer a Static IP

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeWhen you first start up your computer, it spends a significant amount of time asking the network for an IP address. You can get rid of this process altogether by giving your computer a static IP address that never changes. Not only does this make your network easier to manage (since each computer will always have the same IP address), but it can shave a bit more time off your startup. Here’s how to do it in different versions of Windows.

1. Install a Solid State Drive

Top 10 Ways to Speed Up Your Computer's Boot TimeThese days, your hard drive is probably the biggest bottleneck in your machine. One of the best upgrades you can make to your computer is to install a solid state drive, which has super-fast read times that can speed up your startup considerably. They’re certainly not a cheap upgrade, nor are they without their own maintenance requirements, but if you want to speed up your computer and its boot time, you can’t go wrong by installing an SSD. The difference will be shocking.

Again, these aren’t the only ways to shorten your computer’s boot time, but they are some of the most well-known, trusted methods that we’ve found.

When you are having OS and you are going to delete the OS through windows you have to download the software EASYBCD

Step 1 – Check where the bootmgr resides

Open Disk Management and find the partition that is marked “active”. That is the partition that contains the bootmgr.

The active partition is usually from the OS that was on the system first – e.g. if you installedWindows 7 on an XP system, the XP system would be the active partition. But there are also other cases.

If Windows 7 was the first OS on the system, then your bootmgr resides most likely in a separatesystem partition which is usually small.

If you installed Windows 7 as first OS to a disk that was not attached to the Sata port0, it can very well be that the bootmgr resides on an arbitrary partition on the disk that is attached to port0.

If you have e.g. a Dell system, your bootmgr may be on the recovery partition. Other OEMs may do the same, but I was not able to verify that.

This is the example of my current system. Note the two last partitions which are Windows 7 and Windows 8. The Windows 7 partition is marked as active. You also see that I have no small system partition because I have eliminated that partition after I moved the bootmgr from that small system partition to the Windows 7 partition.

Dual Boot - Delete a OS-pic-1.png

If I would delete the Windows 7 partition, my Windows 8 would not boot any more because it would have lost it’s bootmgr that is in cohabitation with the Windows7 bootmgr.

In order to avoid such an unfortunate situation, we launch the system that we want to retain and move the bootmgr to that system’s OS partitionHere is how.

Step 2 – Delete the unwanted OS partition and reuse the space

Stay in the OS that you want to keep and open Disk Management. Right click on the partition that contains the OS you want to delete and Delete Volume. Then right click on the deleted volume and Delete Partition. Now you should have “Freespace” where this partition originally was.

With Disk Management, you can define a new partition in that freespace or you can add it to the partition that shows to the left of that freespce. Just click on the partition which is to the left and Extend Volume.

If, however, you want to add that freespace to a partition that is to the right of the freespace, then you have to use an external tool. I suggest the bootable CD of Partition Wizard. Here is how.

A word of caution: before you manipulate partitions with Partition Wizard, make an image of all partitions on that disk. I once lost all my partitions on a disk because I made a small mistake manipulating one partition with Partition Wizard. For imaging I recommend Free Macrium. Here is how.

Step 3 – Cleanup the bootmgr

Now that we removed one OS, we have a surplus entry in the bootmgr. We will remove this entry with EasyBCD. As you can see in the picture, the operation takes only 4 clicks.

EasyBCD is a very handy tool for a variety of operations on the bootmgr. You should have that in your toolkit anyhow.

Dual Boot - Delete a OS-pic-2.png

If you stop at this step, the MBR is still in a double boot configuration and when you boot, the BIOS will present you the black screen where you have to choose the operating sytem – although only one operating system is present. This is not a disaster, but it is an unnecessary step that requires your intervention.

The next two steps will reset the MBR to your current OS and then your system will automatically boot into that.

Important: You absolutely have to execute both Steps 4 and Step 5. If you only do Step 4, your system will not boot any more. 

Step 4 – Clean the MBR

Dual Boot - Delete a OS-pic-3.png

Step 5 – Reset MBR with the entry of the current OS

Dual Boot - Delete a OS-pic-4.png


Effectively copies corrupt data from any type of disks or erroneous connections if standard copying methods fail. AnyReader supports resumed downloads from the remote PC if the connection was broken during the copy process (especially useful for unreliable Wi-Fi networks).

AnyReader is great for copying files from scratched CD/DVD/Blu-ray or defective floppy/hard disks. Normally when your computer is unable to copy files from a damaged disk it will abort and delete the part of the file it has copied. AnyReader will continue copying the file right to the end; any data that hasn’t been recovered after several retries is replaced with blanks. This will allow you to effectively read every byte of information that can be read at all.

Here are some situations where AnyReader can help:

  • Your CD/DVD/Blu-ray drive can’t read your bad, scratched or trashed disks;
  • The standard copying method fails because of an error, such as “(Bad CRC) A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) checksum error occurred”, “Cannot read from the source file or disk”, an unknown error or a bad disk;
  • You have 2 bad copies of a file that you would like to put right;
  • You can’t download a file across wireless LAN because of a bad connection;
  • And many more of those…

Note: Using AnyReader is safe and risk-free. The software does not write data to your original disks, but saves the recovered data to a new folder that you specify.


– Reads files from disks with physical damage.
– Allows you to copy files from disks with problems such as bad sectorsscratches or that just give errors when reading data.
– Reads data as much as possible.
– Reads data from the erroneous network connections. It supports resumed downloads from the remote PC if connection was broken during the copy process.
– Support file sizes up to file system limits.
– Easy to use, intuitive wizard-driven interface.
– Supports all modern Windows versions, including Windows® NT/2000/XP/2003/Vista.
– and many more!


Task selection dialog.

Selecting the files to be copied.

Selecting the target folder and adjusting the task options.

Copying the data.

* Click on the images above to enlarge.


You can download a free trial version (3030 KB) of AnyReader and test it before purchasing

Primary Download
Secondary Download



Here is a funny tip to use a scrached optical disc and works in the most of the cases too:
Mainly a scrached disc fails to give data because of the dust and dirty inside the scraches

# You simply take some Tooth Paste on a pice of cotton and rub it on the discs Reflecting surface(Never touch it on back)
# Then take water on another pice of cotton and wash the tooth paste (NEVER TOUCH WATER ON BACK SIDE)
# Put it into the drive

Which Browser is best ?

This is how the tests taken on these browsers but it may differ in user experience as different user view as some are developer and some browse just for surfing and personal use but the above given data is taken from  survey.






Firefox is one of the best web browsers on the Internet, hands down. Downloading Firefox is absolutely free which means there is no cost to you to use this excellent web browsing program. Aside from being free, the web browser runs fast and loads web pages at a rapid speed. This is important for most website users. When the pages of a website take such a long time to load, users will become annoyed and frustrated. Firefox removes the possibility of frustration by providing fast and easy web browsing for all of its users. Firefox comes equipped with a search box that is simple to use, just about anyone can do it. You can also add on a bunch of different features and change the color skin of your web browser. These are just some of the really cool features that come along with Firefox.

Google Chrome


Google Chrome is another one of the best web browsers available. It can be used on computer with Windows 7, Windows XP and Vista. Google Chrome makes Internet browsing simple and fast. The browsing is so quick and pages load at an extremely fast pace. This is the perfect web browser for people who hate waiting for pages to load. Google Chrome also provides its users with an added sense of security that prevents fishing from taking place. If you have had already experienced some security problems in the past while browsing the Internet, you could benefit greatly from switching over to Google Chrome for the added security that you desire.

Internet Explorer


Internet Explorer is one of the oldest web browsers on the Internet, having been around for more than fifteen years now. Within the past fifteen years, many changes have been made to Internet Explore to keep up with the demands of users everywhere. From added features and faster loading time, Internet Explorer 9 is an updated version of the traditional Internet Explorer and it runs faster than it once did several years ago. Internet Explorer 9 comes equipped with an updated search box, add-ons, plenty of extra features, and tabs for browsing. If you were tired of using your outdated older version of Internet Explorer, it may be time for an upgrade to Internet Explorer 9. Right now, it is currently in its Beta phase which means it is fairly new but it seems to work very well. Users are already raving over the fast loading time for web pages and the extra features that have been added on. Internet Explorer fans seem to love this updated version of the traditional web browser.



Safari, much like Internet Explorer, has been around for quite some time. While Safari has been around for a while, it is typically less popular than Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Google Chrome. However, Safari recently released a new upgraded edition, Safari 5 which is jam packed with tons of cool features that users will love. HTML support is provided on Safari and web browsing is fast and easy to do. Extensions can be added onto Safari 5 at your convenience. While it may not be the first choice or the most popular choice, Safari 5 is bringing a lot to the table and is definitely one of the best web browsers on the Internet at this point.



Opera is one of the pioneers among web browsers. Started out in 1994 as a research project within Telenor, Norway’s leading telecom. Within a year, Opera Software ASA was launched as an independent development company. Today, Opera is headquartered in Norway, with over 700 employees in offices around the world. Opera is adapted to a wide range of platforms, operating systems and embedded Internet products — including Mac, PC and Linux computers, tablets, mobile phones and PDAs. As a result, the Opera browser is the choice of some of the world’s most demanding and knowledgeable users.

RAR and ZIP are compression algorithms to compress your data files so that their size decrease.


  • A RAR file is an archival file created with the WinRAR program. This program can be downloaded as a free trial for a set number of days, but it needs to be purchased and registered for continued use. WinRAR must be used to open RAR files.


  • A ZIP file is an archival file that can be created with several programs, including Freebyte Zip, WinRAR and WinZIP. It also can be created by using the “Archive” function on Macintosh operating systems. WinRAR comes as a free trial, but must be purchased to continue use after the trial expires. ZIP files can be opened with any program that can create ZIP files. It is not restricted to any one program.

Around Longer

  • The first, and perhaps biggest, difference is that ZIP files have been around longer than RAR files, so there are more programs available to open and decompress ZIP files.


  • Another difference is compatibility with operation systems. RAR files require a third-party application to open and extract the files. Microsoft Windows XP, Mac OS X and some Linux versions have a program already installed to open ZIP files.


  • RAR files tend to compress smaller than ZIP files, but this varies according to the size of the files being compressed. The difference is not enough to make a huge impact when archiving files.



ZIP format uses a proprietary encryption algorithm.

RAR archives are encrypted by the much stronger AES-128
standard. If you need to encrypt important information,
it is better to select the RAR archive format.


The Zip 2.0 encryption format is known to be relatively weak,
and cannot be expected to provide protection from individuals with
access to specialized password recovery tools.
If you have important security requirements for your data,
you should look into more robust cryptography solutions.

Data Loss

RAR has better encryption, better compression, and has a lower rate of data loss. Compression doesn’t really matter with audio files because they can’t be compressed very much, and encryption only matters for password protected files. The main reason most people use RAR to upload albums is data loss. Getting a message like “blahblahblah.mp3 could not be extracted because the file is corrupt or damaged” is much more likely with ZIP files, and data loss can occur during compression, uploading, downloading, and extraction. It’s much more convenient for the people uploading to use RAR compression so they don’t have to deal with as many people asking for re-ups due to data loss. Plus any computer has the capability of extracting RAR files because WinRar has an unlimited trial period with the only annoyance being the nag screen, and there are plenty of opensource and freeware alternatives which can handle RAR files, such as 7-Zip, ZipGenius, PeaZip, and IZarc.

Also the person saying ZIP files don’t have to be extracted to play the MP3s is technically incorrect. When you open a file directly from the ZIP folder, it has to be extracted to a temp folder in order to open the file. It just happens as a background process, so you don’t notice it.

Advantages of RAR:

Even though Zip predates RAR and has many applications able to work with it, RAR format has a lot of advantages.

  • A RAR format can compress a file much better than a Zip. Meaning, a same sized file compressed in RAR format produces a slightly smaller size file compared to zip.
  • Using a RAR software one can break up a large file into more manageable size for sending it over a network. Once compressed files are named automatically as part01.rar, part02.rar, part03.rar, part04.rar and so on. To use the file, just double click part01.rar and the entire file is extracted with its original extension. (Make sure you have all the broken parts before you do this).
  •  RAR files also incorporate redundancy or a ‘recovery record’ stored within the archive, making it possible to repair a RAR that has been corrupted.
  • Newer versions of the format support advanced encryption methods.

Most popular open source software available is WinRar, which can used to compress and extract RAR files.

Concluding Differences between ZIP and RAR 

  • Zip was developed by Katz in 1986 whereas RAR war created by Eugene Roshal  from Russia.
  • Zip format was developed much before RAR.
  • Windows, Mac  and some Linux applications comes with a native ability to handle zip formats, whereas RAR formats require third party software to handle it.
  • RAR can compress files better than Zip.
  • Both have the ability to password protect the files.
  • While it is possible to break up a large file into smaller bits using RAR software, it is not possible in a Zip.

  1. Disk to disk backup using dd command: dd is a powerful UNIX utility, which is used by the Linux kernel makefiles to make boot images. It can also be used to copy data. This article explains how to backup entire hard disk and create an image of a hard disk using dd command.
  2. 15 rsync command examples: Every sysadmin should master the usage of rsync. rsync utility is used to synchronize the files and directories from one location to another. First time, rsync replicates the whole content between the source and destination directories. Next time, rsync transfers only the changed blocks or bytes to the destination location, which makes the transfer really fast.
  3. Three sysadmin rules: If you are a sysadmin, you can’t (and shouldn’t) break these three sysadmin rules.
  4. User and group disk quota: This article explains how to setup user and group quote with soft limit, hard limit and grace period. For example, if you specify 2GB as hard limit, user will not be able to create new files after 2GB.
  5. Troubleshoot using dmesg: Using dmesg you can view boot up messages that displays information about the hardware devices that the kernel detects during boot process. This can be helpful during troubleshooting process.
  6. RPM package management examples: 15 examples provided in this article explains everything you need to know about managing RPM packages on redhat based system (including CentOS).
  7. 10 netstat examples: Netstat command displays various network related information such as network connections, routing tables, interface statistics, masquerade connections, multicast memberships etc.,
  8. Manage packages using apt-* commands: These 13 practical examples explains how to manage packages using apt-get, apt-cache, apt-file and dpkg commands.
  9. Modprobe command examples: modprobe utility is used to add loadable modules to the Linux kernel. You can also view and remove modules using modprobe command.
  10. Ethtool examples: Ethtool utility is used to view and change the ethernet device parameters. These examples will explain how you can manipulate your ethernet NIC card using ethtool.
  11. NFS mount using exportfs: This is a linux beginners guide to NFS mount using exportfs. This explains how to export a file system to a remote machine and mount it both temporarily and permanently.
  12. Change timezone: Depending on your Linux distribution, use one of the methods explained in this article to change the timezone on your system.
  13. Install phpMyAdmin: phpMyAdmin is a web-based tool written in PHP to manage the MySQL database. Apart from viewing the tables (and other db objects), you can perform lot of DBA functions through the web based interface. You can also execute any SQL query from the UI.
  14. Setup squid to control internet access: Squid is a proxy caching server. You can use squid to control internet access at work. This guide will give a jump-start on how to setup squid on Linux to restrict internet access in an network.
  15. Add new swap space: Use dd, mkswap and swapon commands to add swap space. You can either use a dedicated hard drive partition to add new swap space, or create a swap file on an existing filesystem and use it as swap space.
  16. Install and configure snort: Snort is a free lightweight network intrusion detection system for both UNIX and Windows. This article explains how to install snort from source, write rules, and perform basic testing.
  17. Register RHEL/OEL linux to support: If you have purchased support from Oracle for your Linux, you can register to oracle support network (ULN) using up2date as explained here.
  18. tftpboot setup: You can install Linux from network using PXE by installing and configuring tftpboot server as explained here.
  19. Delete all iptables rules: When you are starting to setup iptables, you might want to delete (flush) all the existing iptables as shown here.
  20. Disable ping replies: Someone can flood the network with ping -f. If ping reply is disabled as explained here we can avoid this flooding.
  21. Block ip address using fail2ban: Fail2ban is a intrusion preventon framework that scans log files for various services ( SSH, FTP, SMTP, Apache, etc., ) and bans the IP that makes too many password failures. It also updates iptles firewall rules to reject these ip addresses.
  22. Package management using dpkg: On debian, you can install or remove deb packages using dpkg utility.
  23. Alfresco content management system: Alfresco is the best open source content management system. Everything you need to know to install and configure Alfresco is explained here.
  24. Bugzilla bug tracking system: Bugzilla is the best open source bug tracking system. Everything you need to know to install and configure Bugzilla is explained here.
  25. Rpm, deb, dpot and msi packages: This article explains how to view and extract files from various package types used by different Linux / UNIX distributions.
  26. Backup using rsnapshot: You can backup either a local host or remote host using rsnapshot rsync utility. rsnapshot uses the combination of rsync and hard links to maintain full-backup and incremental backups. Once you’ve setup and configured rsnapshot, there is absolutely no maintenance involved in it. rsnapshot will automatically take care of deleting and rotating the old backups.
  27. Create Linux user: This article explains how to create users with default configuration, create users with custom configuration, create users interactively, and creating users in bulk.
  28. Mount and view ISO file: ISO files are typically used to distribute the operating system. Most of the linux operating system that you download will be on ISO format. This explains how to view and mount any ISO file both as regular use and as root user.
  29. Manage password expiration and aging: Linux chage command can be used to perform several practical password aging activities including how-to force users to change their password.
  30. ifconfig examples: Interface configurator command ifconfig is used to initialize the network interface and to enable or disable the interfaces as shown in these 7 examples.
  31. Oracle db startup an sthudown: Every sysadmin should know some basic DBA operations. This explains how to shutdown and start the oracle database.
  32. PostgreSQL install and configure: Similar to mySQL, postgreSQL is very famous and feature packed free and open source database. This is a jumpstart guide to install and configure postgresql from source on Linux.
  33. Magic SysRq key: Have you wondered what the SysRq key on your keyboard does. Here is one use for it. You can safely reboot Linux using the magic SysRq key as explained here.
  34. Wakeonlan Tutorial: Using Wakeonlan WOL, you can turn on the remote servers where you don’t have physical access to press the power button.
  35. List hardware spec using lshw: ls+hw = lshw, which lists the hardware specs of your system.
  36. View hardware spec using dmidecode: dmidecode command reads the system DMI table to display hardware and BIOS information of the server. Apart from getting current configuration of the system, you can also get information about maximum supported configuration of the system using dmidecode. For example, dmidecode gives both the current RAM on the system and the maximum RAM supported by the system.
  37. Use the support effectively: Companies spend lot of cash on support mainly for two reasons: 1) To get help from vendors to fix critical production issues 2) To keep up-to-date with the latest version of the software and security patches released by the vendors. In this article, I’ve given 10 practical tips for DBAs, sysadmins and developers to use their hardware and software support effectively.
  38. Install/Upgrade LAMP using Yum: Installing LAMP stack using yum is a good option for beginners who don’t feel comfortable installing from source. Also, Installing LAMP stack using yum is a good choice, if you want to keep things simple and just use the default configuration.
  39. Template to track your hardware assests: If you are managing more than one equipment in your organization, it is very important to document and track ALL information about the servers effectively. In this article, I have listed 36 attributes that needs to be tracked for your equipments, with an explanation on why it needs to be tracked. I have also provided a spreadsheet template with these fields that will give you a jumpstart.
  40. Disable SELinux: If you don’t understand how SELinux works and the fundamental details on how to configure it, keeping it enabled will cause lot of issues. Until you understand the implementation details of SELinux you may want to disable it to avoid some unnecessary issues as explained here.
  41. Install PHP5 from source: This is a step-by-step guide to install PHP5 from source on UNIX environment.
  42. Install MySQL from source: This is a step-by-step guide to install MySQL from source on UNIX environment.
  43. Launch Linux clients on windows: If you are using SSH client to connect to Linux server from your Windows laptop, sometimes it may be necessary to launch UI application on the remote Linux server, but to display the UI on the windows laptop. Cygwin can be used to install software on Linux from Windows and launch Linux X client software on Windows.
  44. IPCS: IPC allows the processes to communicate with each another. The process can also communicate by having a file accessible to both the processes. Processes can open, and read/write the file, which requires lot of I/O operation that consumes time. This explains different types of IPCS and provides 10 IPCS command examples.
  45. Logical Volume Manager: Using LVM we can create logical partitions that can span across one or more physical hard drives.You can create and manage LVM using vgcreate, lvcreate, and lvextend lvm2 commands as shown here.
  46. 15 Tcpdump examples: tcpdump is a network packet analyzer. tcpdump allows us to save the packets that are captured, so that we can use it for future analysis. The saved file can be viewed by the same tcpdump command. We can also use open source software like wireshark to read the tcpdump pcap files.
  47. Manage partition using fdisk: Using fdisk you can create a maximum of four primary partition, delete an existing partition, or change existing partition. Using fidsk you are allowed to create a maximum of four primary partition, and any number of logical partitions, based on the size of the disk.
  48. VMWare fundamentals: At some point every sysadmin should deal with virtualization. VMWare is a very popular choise to virtualize your server environment. This article will provide the fundamental information for you to get a jumpstart on VMWare.
  49. Rotate the logs automatically: Manging log files is an importat part of sysadmin life. logrotate make it easy by allowing you to setup automatica log rotation based on several configurations. Using logrotate you can also configure it to execute custom shell scripts immediately after log rotation.
  50. Passwordless SSH login setup: Using ssh-keygen and ssh-copy-id you can setup passwordless login to remote Linux server. ssh-keygen creates the public and private keys. ssh-copy-id copies the local-host’s public key to the remote-host’s authorized_keys file.


My personal favorite was Ubuntu for desktop (#1 in this list) and Red Hat for servers (#5 in this list).

If you are new to any of the distros listed in the top 5, read the rest of the article to understand little bit more about those distros and find out whether your favorite Linux distribution made it in the top 5.

Linux Distro Review

Fig: Favorite Linux Distribution Voting Results

1. Ubuntu

Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Desktop

Like most of you, Ubuntu is my #1 choice for desktop Linux. I use it both at home and work. Ubuntu is the #1 in the Linux desktop market and some use Ubuntu for the servers also. Ubuntu offers the following three editions.

  • Ubuntu Desktop Edition
  • Ubuntu Server Edition
  • Ubuntu Notebook Remix

Additional Details:

Refer to our Ubuntu Tips and Tricks article series.

2. Debian

Debian 4.0r8, or etch

Debian is also called as Debian GNU/Linux, as most of the basic OS tools comes from the GNU Project. Lot of other famous distributions are based on Debian, which includes our #1 distro Ubuntu and many others — such as Knoppix, Linspire, Damn Small Linux etc.,

Additional Details:

Read more about Debian Distribution at wikipedia.

3. Fedora

Fedora 10 Server Edition

Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat. If you are interested in experimenting with the the leading technologies, you should use fedora, as the release cycle is very short and fedora tends to include the latest technology software/packages in it’s distribution.

Additional Details:

Read more about Fedora Distribution at wikipedia.

4. CentOS

CentOS 5 Linux Distro

If your organization does not want to spend money on purchasing Red Hat support, but still want all the benefits of the red-hat distribution, this is obviously the best choice, as this is totally based on the red-hat enterprise Linux.

As you can imagine the Nort American Enterprise Linux vendor mentioned in the quote below is Red Hat.

From the CentOS website: CentOS 2, 3, and 4 are built from publically available open source SRPMS provided by a prominent North American Enterprise Linux vendor. CentOS is designed for people who need an enterprise class OS without the cost or support of the prominent North American Enterprise Linux vendor.

Additional Details:

Read more about CentOS Distribution at wikipedia

5. Red Hat

Linux Red Hat 4 Enterprise Linux for Server

This is my favorite server distribution.  If an organization doesn’t mind spending dollars on purchasing the red-hat support, this is always my #1 recommendation to any organization who runs mission critical applications.

On a side note, one of the reason I like Red Hat Linux for mission critical production application is that Red Hat tends to take some of the new features from Fedora, which is well tested by the community.

Additional Details:

Read more about Red Hat Distribution at wikipedia.

Awesome Linux Articles

Following are few awesome 15 examples articles that you might find helpful.

How to make Windows Genuine

Follow some simple steps and you can get rid of trial version of windows 7 and activate it for lifetime:

1.Type “RUN” at start menu,and click on the search result.

2.Type Regedit and press enter. go to the location described below:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE–>SOFTWARE–>Microsoft–>Windows NT–>CurrentVersion–>SoftwareProtectionPlatform–>Activation

4.Now look at right side and right click on manual and click on modify..and change its value..if it is 1 then change to 0 and if 0 then change to 1.

5.Restart the computer and enjoy.

or to do it it automatically download the software ———CLICK HERE

If you are facing any problem with the registry editing please write us here….!!



Vidalia is a cross-platform GUI controller for Tor anonymizing proxy.


Simple Backup Solution

This tool is intended for backup of files, using a desktop GUI.


Partimage is a Linux partition backup utility. It allows you to save partitions in many files formats to image files, compress the image files, split image files for burning, and even save them across network. NTFS support is under development.



Konqueror is a combined browser and file manager for KDE.



XChat is a popular multi-platform chat client. It supports multiple channels and file transfers. As said, it is also available for Windows.



alien is a program that converts between Redhat rpm, Debian deb, Stampede slp, Slackware tgz, and Solaris pkg file formats.


AODC stands for An OpenDocument Converter. This small tool is intended to convert Open Office documents into html files on machines that do not have Open Office installed. This means you can open your documents on any computer. Now, AODC will run on Windows – but it is a tool well suited for Linux users.



Wine is an open-source implementation of Windows API on top of X and Unix. In other words, it allows you run Windows applications on a Linux machine by creating a simulated environment. Wine is nicely complemented with VMware products, which are also available for Windows.

On a side note, to convince you that you can run Windows applications – hell, Windows itself – on Linux, you might want to refer to my article Installing VMware Server & Windows in Linux.

Live CD/DVDs


Read about it in A (sweet) collection of Windows programs under Anonymizers.

Damn Small Linux

Damn Small Linux is a versatile 50MB desktop-oriented Debian-based distribution. You can boot with it from CD, USB drive or even run it inside Windows. It can also be installed onto hard disk. It’s light, fast and packs a solid range of applications, including Gphone, Firefox, Naim, XMMS, Xpdf, and many more.


Elive is a live CD running Enlightenment Windows manager, which is an amazing visual experience while being very low on requirements.  Like all other Linux CDs, it offers a mature and rich package of programs. It offers some very interesting programs like Blender 3D studio, MPlayer, Grip audio ripper, as well as the usual XChat, GAIM, Firefox, Open Office, and others.

Feather Linux

This is another small Linux, intended to provide a user with a safe and comfortable live working environment. It takes only about 120MB and offers in return AbiWord, Dillo, Firefox, CTorrent, NTFS resize support, Samba, Fluxbox, and more.


Gentoo is a combined live and install CD. This allows you to test the feel of the distribution before deciding whether you want to install it (warning: Gentoo is NOT the friendliest distribution for beginners!). It offers a full, complete working environment.


Helix is a dedicated incident response and forensic analysis live CD. It is not intended for beginners. The CD includes many useful tools like e2recover – for recovering files under ext2 file system, ClamAV and F-Prot anti-virus scanners, chkrootkit and rkhunter anti-rootkit scanners, Galleta – cookie analyzer for Internet Explorer, Regviewer – Windows registry analyzer, wipe – for secure file deletion, and more. The full contents of the CD are available here.


Read about it in A (sweet) collection of Windows programs under Live CDs.

Update: Recently, there have been reports of a virus that destroys the Partition Table of hard disks and renders them unbootable. A tool called TestDisk can be used to remedy such a failure, if it occurs. TestDisk is included in the powerful package of utilities that can be found on Knoppix CD. It is also included with GParted live CD.

Puppy Linux

Puppy Linux is another small desktop-oriented live CD. Puppy Linux comes in a wide range of flavors, including the static live CD but also the multi-session CD/DVD, which allows you to save your live sessions to hard media every time you use Puppy and reload them on the next use, virtually eliminating the need for running an operating system from a hard drive. This option can also be useful for people who have to travel a lot. Puppy Linux weighs 50-70MB and offers many useful applications. Puppy comes in many flavors, including custom and specialized derivatives.


In addition to a very powerful desktop operating system, you can also enjoy a SUSE live CD. You can read more about SUSE in my article Installing SUSE Linux – Full tutorial.


This is a live CD specifically geared toward rescue and recovery. The tools package includes some of the most important tools available for Linux user, like GParted, QTParted, Partimage, Grub, Lilo, sfdisk, security tools, network tools, and more. The full list of tools is available here.

Ubuntu 6.06

Ubuntu is a combined live and installation CD. Ubuntu runs with Gnome desktop. You can also try Kubuntu with KDE and Xubuntu with Xfce. You can read more about (K)ubuntu in my article Installing (K)ubuntu Linux – Full tutorial. You can read all about some 50+ live CDs on FrozenTech LiveCD List.

Media manipulation



MP3FS is a read-only FUSE file system which transcodes audio formats to MP3 on the fly when opened and read.

Media Players


MPlayer is a highly versatile media player for Linux, with a very good support of audio and video formats. It will play most MPEG/VOB, AVI, Ogg/OGM, VIVO, ASF/WMA/WMV, QT/MOV/MP4, RealMedia, Matroska, NUT, NuppelVideo, FLI, YUV4MPEG, FILM, RoQ, and PVA files, supported by many native, XAnim, and Win32 DLL codecs. You can watch VideoCD, SVCD, DVD, 3ivx, DivX 3/4/5, and even WMV movies.


xine is a lightweight, powerful media player, capable of playing AVI, MOV, WAV, and MP3 formats. The player has many guises and is constantly being developed.


XMMS is a multimedia player (mainly audio) for UNIX-based systems. It supports MP3, MOD, WAV, and other formats. A variety of plugins is available. XMMS is included on Elive and Knoppix live CDs.



QTParted is a clone of Partition Magic. It is capable of handling NTFS partitions.


Super Grub Disk

Super Grub Disk is intended to run from a floppy disk or CD and is used for system rescue. Most importantly, it can be used to restore boot loaders, including GRUB, LILO and even Windows boot loader.


TestDisk is a utility specially designed to recover lost partitions and make non-booting disks bootable again. This highly useful tool can be found on a number of live CDs, including Knoppix and GParted. It supports NTFS partitions and also comes in Windows flavor.

Security tools

Note: Most Linux security tools are geared toward knowledgeable users. If you are not Linux-savvy, you should not meddle with these programs.



This tool allows you to look for unwanted spies on your machine, not that there should be any/


rkhunter is another tool for uprooting undesired self-hiding toolkits.



FREESCO is a lightweight, powerful firewall based on CISCO. It supports up to 10 network cards, 10 modems, 5 printers, NAT, a whole lot more, and will run from a single 1.44MB floppy. You can use an antique 386 machine to run it.


SmoothWall is a powerful firewall with a self-contained operating system and a web-based GUI. It can be installed on a machine as lowly as a 486.

Intrusion prevention


AppArmor is an application security framework, most easily described as heuristically-inclined HIPS. It will run on Linux distributions based on Red Hat. Mastering AppArmor takes knowledge and patience.


Snort is a very popular open-source network intrusion detection and prevention software. It is intended for experienced users.

Malware control


Truman is a sandbox-like malware analysis tool, running on native hardware. It is NOT recommended for people who do NOT understand the full implications of using this tool.


Useful links

Disclaimer #2: I have NOT personally tested each and every application at the below sites. I cannot guarantee their quality. Treat the below links as a good reference point from which you may expand your searches.

Eric L. Howes’ Linux Privacy & Security

Fresh RPMs – a site compiling listings and download sites for hundreds of packages

FrozenTech LiveCD List – a list of live CDs

Linux Online! – a long list of applications for Linux

Users’ recommendations

Thanks to the following people for their suggestions: Alphalutra1, Ben, dog, Durad, romanlance.

Some of the suggested programs have been incorporated in the list above. All future suggestions will be listed below. Again, the same criteria as for Windows programs apply: the proposed applications should be fairly simple, free beyond any reason of doubt, non-offensive to me, and preferably suggested by a member of a respectable forum.

Here are some of your recommendations:

Amarok – this is a light, simple, beautiful, and highly versatile for Linux running KDE; natively, it does not support MP3 format, but the necessary libraries can easily be added – for example, in Ubuntu or SUSE, via package managers – libxine-extracodecs.

Bluefish – a web editor that supports a range of languages, including CSS, HTML, Java, javascript, Octave, PHP, R, and many others, unlimited undo/redu funtionality, and compliance with both KDE and Gnome environments.

Democracy Player – an Internet TV platform; the player incorporates video RSS feeds, automatic downloads of videos, BitTorrent, and much more.

F-Spot – a photo management program for Gnome desktops; the program supports 16 file types, allows easy editing and tagging of photos, simplifying cataloguing of large batches of images.

Guarddog – a firewall with goal-oriented GUI, intended for beginner and intermediate users.

IEs4Linux– an excellent script that enables you to run Internet Explorer on Linux (with Wine installed); it will offer you three versions of Internet Explorer, making invalid the excuse of not switching to Linux because your favorite site only loads in Internet Explorer.

K3B – is a CD burning utility for KDE, with lots of excellent features, including support for multiple El Torito boot images, audio CD burning, VCD, SVCD, mixed-mode CDs, eMovix CDs, CD copy and CD/DVD ripping, DVD burning, DivX/XviD encoding, blanking of CDR-Ws, writing of ISOs, and a whole lot more.

Kopete – an Instant Messaging program for KDE; Kopete supports AIM, ICQ, MSN, Yahoo, Jabber, IRC, Gadu-Gadu, Novell GroupWise Messenger, and more, as well as message encryption and archiving.

KTorrent – BitTorrent client for KDE.

Openbox – a lightweight, extensible windows manager; it can be used instead of the heavier Gnome and KDE.

pfSense – a firewall based on m0n0wall, using OpenBSD ported Packet Filter; supports a wide range of devices and protocols.

Quanta Plus – a WYSIWYG web development program for KDE, with a wide range of plugins.

ROX-Filer – a fast, lightweight desktop (based on X Windows). It can be a suitable alternative to heavier environments on older systems.

Streamtuner – a stream directory browser, supporting SHOUTcast, Live365 and other stream directories, as well as full support for ID3 and Vorbis metadata editing; it goes well with Streamripper, which allows you to record the streams.

Sylphweed – a lightweight e-mail client; also supports Windows.

General advice

I guess that’s it. By the way, most of the general advice for Windows users also applies here. There’s no need to Ctrl + A  the entire Internet and download it onto your machine. With Linux, you’re in an even greater peril of getting carried away, because there are tens of Linux distributions – whereas Windows is only one.

Don’t download anything and everything – make sure you trust the download site, make sure you understand what you’re doing, visit the forums and ask questions before you start meddling, and always have your personal data backed up. Most importantly, in Linux, when you think something is not working – DO NOT INTERFERE, LET IT BE! It Is working. Believe me. Kernel updates can take as much as a whole day to complete, even more. When you’re downloading packages off the Internet, they are often recompiled locally on your machine to suit your architecture. This process can be quite lengthy – and it is NOT healthy to interrupt. Wait for your machine to tell you it’s failed before you do.

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